Copyright © 2006 by Edward A. Morris, All Rights Reserved
Cure for the Demagogue's Disease
Belarus: President Lukashenko obtained a referendum to cancel the constitutional term limitation. Thus allowing
him to stay in power.
Cuba: President Batista was barred by term limits to run for reelection in 1944.
Haiti: President Aristide was not allowed by term limits to serve two consecutive terms.
Nigeria: President Obasanjo was unsuccessful in his attempt to remove two term limits so he could serve third term.
Philippines: By declaring martial law, President Marcos circumvented the constitutional term limitation. Thus
allowing him to stay in power.
Russia: President Putin announced in 2006 his intent to leave the presidency in 2008 at the end of his second 4- year
term, as required by the Constitution. However, in 2007, he indicated he may become the Prime Minister so he can
hold on to power.
Rwanda: President Habyarimana twice used referendums to circumvent the single term constitutional limitation.
Thus allowing him to stay in power.
Turkey: President Demirel could not be reelected because the Assembly refused his proposal to amend the
constitutional term limitation. Thus, he was out of power.
Yugoslavia: Shortly before Tito died he amended the constitution so no official, however highly-placed, can hold
any post for more than four years.
|Actual examples involving term presidential limitations: